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Two technical terminologies that deal with the huge heaps of organizational data are Machine Learning and Data Science. It is Artificial Intelligence Services that plays a pivotal role in leveraging data science and machine learning. The highly significant roles of Data Scientists and Machine Learning engineers have their own set of responsibilities to play and requirements to fulfil.

What is Data Science?

Data Science focuses on extracting actionable perceptions from base data. It is all about working and managing data that forms the crux of all organizations and all businesses. It consists of several specialities that offer a complete and valuable output to the base data.

Data science is a broad field of study of data systems and processes, aimed at maintaining data sets and deriving meaning out of them. Data scientists use a combination of tools, applications, principles and algorithms to make sense of random data clusters.

Since almost all kinds of organizations today are generating exponential amounts of data around the world, it becomes difficult to monitor and store this data. Data science focuses on data modelling and data warehousing to track the ever-growing data set. The information extracted through data science applications is used to guide business processes and reach organisational goals.

Limitations of Data Science

Though it may sound obvious, data science relies on data. The massive growth of data science was spurred by the availability of massive datasets and cheap computing power. Only with these incredible resources is data science effective. Small datasets, messy data, and incorrect data can waste a lot of time, creating models that produce meaningless or misleading results. If the data doesn’t capture the actual cause of variation, data science will fail.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a direct AI application that gives the capability of learning and enhancing from experience, without the programming fuss. It is a complete process that guides the computer system to predict as the data is piled on. Applying AI cognitive technologies to ML systems can result in the effective processing of data and information.

ML leverages the power of statistics for patter extraction amongst the wide coverage of data. It analyses the data and extracts the rules that exist behind an issue, leading to complex tasks getting solved. This helps in enhanced decision-making with techniques such as sales forecasting etc. It analyses and extracts hidden patterns from data with valued insights. It assists in enhancing the precision of financial models.

Limitations of Machine Learning

Machine learning algorithms are better than ever at creating useful results with minimal intervention. However, we may still need engineers and programmers to constrain and optimize these algorithms to make them work on new problems. There are also plenty of problems that machine learning isn’t particularly good at solving. If a traditional program or equation can solve a problem, adding machine learning might complicate the process instead of simplifying it.

Data Scientist vs Machine Learning Engineer

Ever consider the growth of machine learning and data science to be the reasoning behind the best and popular job attributions that are given to these fields? It’s important to understand that as the technology and data fields grow, careers may very well. Technology careers often intersect, but the difference between a machine learning engineer and a data scientist is important to distinguish.

The skills needed for becoming a data scientist are as follows:

  • Statistics
  • Data mining and cleaning
  • Data visualization
  • Unstructured data management techniques
  • Programming languages such as R and Python
  • Understand SQL databases
  • Knowledge of big data tools like Hadoop, Hive and Pig

The skills needed for being a machine learning engineer are as follows:

  • Computer science fundamentals
  • Statistical modelling
  • Data evaluation and modelling
  • Understanding and application of algorithms
  • Natural language processing
  • Data architecture design
  • Text representation techniques


Data science is a deep, interdisciplinary sector that uses the vast quantities of data and computing power at its disposal to obtain insights. Machine learning is one of the most exciting developments in contemporary data science. Machine learning encourages machines to learn on their own from the vast amounts of data accessible. These systems have a wide range of uses but they are not limitless. While data science is strong, it can only be used effectively if you have highly trained workers and high-quality data.

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